CONDITIONAL SENTENCE

3 TYPE CONDITIONAL SENTENCE

Kalimat bersyarat (Conditional Sentence) di dalam bahasa Inggris mempunyai 3 bentuk kalimat bersyarat:

Pembagian:

Kalimat bersyarat type 1

Kalimat bersyarat type 2

Kalimat bersyarat type 3

CONDITIONAL SENTENCE

  1. Conditional Sentence Type 1

Fungsi: Menyatakan pengandalan tentang sesuatu yang mungkin terjadi jika syartanya terpenuhi.

Ciri-ciri:

  • Bagian kalimat yang mengandung syarat dimulai dengan kata “IF” (IF Clause)
  • Bagian kalimat yang merupakan akibat (hasil) berbentuk present Tense atau Future tense
  • Terdapat 3 pola yang digunakan:
  1. Menyatakan Future Time:
  2. C: Simple Future

If. C: Simple present

Reality: –

Time Signal: Simple Future

Example: If have money, I will by a new car.

Reality: –

  1. Menyatakan kebiasaan (habitual action/situation)

M C: Simple Present

If. C: SSimple Present

Reality: –

Time Signal: Simple Future

Example: If you have much money, why do you not buy a new car?

Reality: –

  1. Menyatakan Perintah
    M C: Imperatitive Form (please) + V1 + (O/Adv)!) | (Don’t + V1 + (O/Adv)! )

If: C: Simple Present

Reality: –

Time signal: simple future

Example: Please call me if you need help!

Reality:-

  1. Conditional Sentence Type 2

Fungsi: Menyatakan pengandaan tentang sesuatu yang bertentangan dengan fakta di masa sekarang.

Ciri-ciri:

  • Dalam type 2 semua subject menggunakan “were” di “If clause”nya apabila kalimat tersebut nominal
  • Bila ingin menyatakanhasrat atau kemauan menggunakan ‘would”
  • Bila ingin menyatakan keharusan menggunakan “should”

Pola Type 2:

M C: Past Future

If C: Simple Past

Reality: Simple present

Time Signal: Present Continues

Example:

C S: I would tell you about it if I were here.

Inversi:

I would tell you about it were I here

Were I here, I would tell you about it.

Reality: I do not tell you because I am not here.

C S: He would come if you invited him

Reality: He does not come because you do not invite him

C S: If it were not raining, you should come here

Reality: Because it is raining, you do not come here

  1. Conditional Sentence Type 3

Fungsi: Menyatakan pengandaian tentang sesuatu yang bertentangan dengan fakta di masa lampau:

Menyatakan penyesalan tentang sesuatu yang telah terjadi di masa lampau.

  • Ciri-ciri:

– Dalam type 3 terdapat pola inversi (perubahan posisi “V + S”) di “if clause”

– Type 3 identik dengan “perfect time”

Pola type 3:

M C: Past Future Perfect

If C: Past Perfect

Reality: Simple Past

Time Signal: Simple Past

Example:

C S: If they had not lost their way, they would have arrived sooner

Inversi:

Had they not lost their way, they would have arrived sooner

They would have arrived sooner had they not lost their way.

Reality: Because they lost their way, they did not arrive sooner.

Note:

Pola Inversi di Conditional Sentence:

If + S + Were jadi Were + S + 3C

If + S + Had jadi Had + S + V3

If + S + Should jadi Should + S + v1

CONDITIONAL SENTENCE

Materi lebih lengkapnya bisa kamu dapatkan di lembaga kursus Global English, Kampung Inggris Pare Kediri Jawa Timur.