3 VARIASI KALIMAT PASSIVE

  1. Variasi kalimat passive voice pada modal auxiliary
  2. Variasi kalimat passive voice pada Distransitive Verb
  3. Variasi kalimat passive voice pada question sentence

Pada umumnya yang harus dipahami adalah passive voice bukan hanya sebuah statement sentence, akan tetapi sama halnya dengan kalimat active voice yang memiliki beberapa variasi seperti yang disebutkan diatas.

Variasi Kalimat Pasiive terdiri dari:

  • Variasi Kalimat Passive: Modal Auxiliary Verb

Kinds:

  • Modal Murni Non Perfect

AV: S+M+V1+O

PV: S+M+BE+V3+ (BY AGENT)

Example:

AV: Ryan will sell the phone

PV: The phone will be sold by Ryan

  • Modal Murni Perfect

AV: S+M+HAVE+V3+O

PV: S+M+HAVE+BEEN+V3+ (BY AGENT)

Example:

AV: S+M+HAVE+V3+O

PV: S+M+HAVE+BEEN+V3+ (BY AGENT)

Example:

AV: Ryan will have spld the phone

PV: The phone will have sold by Ryan

  • Similar Expression of Modal
Modal Murni S.E.O.M MEANING
WILL

CAN

MAY

WOULD

SHOULD

MUST

BE GOING TO

BE ABLE TO

BE ALLOWED TO

USED TO

BE SUPPOSED TO

HAVE TO

HAVE GOT TO

BE TO

AKAN

BISA, DAPAT

BOLEH

DULU TERBIASA

SEHARUSNYA

HARUS

Example:

AV: Ryan is going to sell the phone

PV: The phone is going to be sold by Ryan

  • Modal Campuran

AV: S+M+SEOM+V+O

PV: S+M+SEOM+BE+V3+ (BY AGENT)

AV: S+SEOM+SEOM+V+O

PV: S+SEOM+SEOM+BE+V3+ (BY AGENT)

Example:

AV: Steven must be able to help Steward

PV: Steward must be able to helped by Steven

AV: Steven has to be able to help Steward

PV: Steward has to be able to be helped by Steven

  • Variasi Kalimat Passive: Distransitive Verb

Distransitive verb adalah sekelompok kata kerja yang membutuhkan 2 object. Kata kerja jenis ini memiliki “certain verbs”.

Ask bring buy cost give get
Lend leave make owe offer pass
Promise pay refuse play read sing
Show send sell say tell teach
Take wish write

Note: Direct obect (DO)/Object langsung: umunya berupa “thing”

Indirect object (IO)/Object tidak langsung: umumnya berupa “person”

  • Variasi Direct Object (DO)

AV: S+V+DO+TO/FOR+IO

PV: S(DO) + BE + V3 + TO/FOR + IO + (BY AGENT)

Example:

AV: Vin buys a book for me

PV (DO): A book is bought for me by Vin

  • Variasi Indirect Object (IO)

AV: She was sending me a letter

PV (IO): I was being sent a letter by her.

  • Variasi Kalimat Passive: Question Sentence

Jenis-jenis kalimat tanya ada 2 jenis:

  1. Question Sentence

Definisi: Kalimat yang berupa pertanyaan.

Question sentence ini dibagi menjadi 2:

  • Yes/No Question (Y/N Q)

Definisi: Kalimat tanya yang membutuhkan jawaban yes atau no. Ciri-ciri:

  1. Menggunakan kata tanya selain 8W, 1H
  2. Kata tanya yang dipakai adalah kata kerja bantu (verb auxiliary)
  3. Tidak terdapat variasi
  4. Rumus kalimat verbal

(+) Subject + verb auxiliary1 + verb ordinary + (object/adverb)

(-) Subject + verb auxiliary1 + not + verb ordinary + (object/adverb)

(?+) Verb auxiliary1 + subject +verb ordinary + (object/adverb) + ?

(?-) Verb auxi;iary1 + subject + not + verb ordinary + object/dverb) + ?

Example:

(+) These films have been seen by them

(?) Have these films been seen by them?

(?-) Have these films not been seen by them?

  • Information Question

Definisi: Kalimat tanya yang membutuhkan jawaban berupa informasi. Ciri-ciri:

  1. Menngunkan kata tanya 8W, 1H
  2. Kata kerja bantu (verb auxiliary) diposisikan setelah 8W, 1H.
  3. Terdapat beberapa variasi
  • Menanyakan Subject keseluruhan (SK)
  • Menanyakan Subject Sebagian (SS)
  • Menanyakan Verb
  • Menanyakan Object Keseluruhan (OK)
  • Menanyakan Object Sebagian (OS)
  • Menanyakan adverb

Daftar kata tanya 8W, 1H:

Kata Tanya (8W, 1H) Menanyakan
Who Subject ‘person”
Whom Object “person”
What Subject & Object “thing”, Verb
Where Place “tempat”
When Time “waktu”
Why Reason ‘alasan”
Which Choice “pilihan”, “sifat”
Whose Possesive “kepemilikan”
How

– How many

– How much

– How far

– Ho long

– How often, etc

Manner “cara”

Quantity “jumlah yang bisa dihitung”

Quantity “jumlah yang tidak bisa dihitung”

Distance “jarak”

Freequency “keseringan” dan lain sebagainya

Variasi-variasi di Information Question:

  1. – Menanyakan Subject Keseluruhan (SK)

Pola:

QW + Vaux1 + Subejct + V… + Vord + (by agent)

QW: WHO, WHAT

Subject: Dihapus

– The car is being washed by her.

Y/N Q: Is the car being washed by her?

SK?: What is the car being washed by her?

– Many books are read by him.

Y/N Q: Are many books read by him?

SK?: What are many books read by him? | What is read by him?

– Many books were read by him yesterday.

Y/N Q: Were many books read by him yesterday?

SK?: What were many books read by him yesterday? | What was read by him yesterday?

  1. – Menanyakan Subject Sebagian (SS)

Pola:

QW + N + Vaux1 + V… + Vord + (by agent)?

QW: How many, how much, which, whose,,,,,, + N

Hal-hal yang ditanyakan di Subject sebagian: Dihapus

  • My TV is thrown by her

Y/N Q: Is my TV thrown by her?

SS: Whose is thrown by her? (Whose TV is thrown by her?)

  1. – Menanyakan Verb

Pola:

QW + Vaux1 + Subject + V…. + Vord + (By agent)?

QW: What

Subject: Dihapus

Verb Ord: Diganti “done”

  • Grammar was taught by a teacher

Y/N Q: Was grammar taught by a teacher?

V?: What was  done by a teacher?

  1. – Menanyakan Object Keseluruhan (OK)

Pola:

QW + Vaux1 + Subject + V… + Vord + by + agent?

QW: What, Whom

Object (Agent): Dihapus

  • The book will be bought by Ann.

Y/N Q: Will the book be bought by Ann?

OK?: Whom will the book be bought by?

By whom will the book be bought?

– Menanyakan Object Sebagian (OS)

Pola:

QW + Vaux1 + Subject + V…… + Vord + (by agent)?

QW: How many, how much, which, whose,….+ N

Hal-hal yang ditanyakan di Object sebagian: Dihapus

  • Three books will be taken by my friend.

Y/N Q: Will three books be taken by my friend?

OS?: Whose…will three books be taken by friend?

(Whose friend will three books be taken by?)

(By whose friend will three books be taken?)

  1. -Menanyakan Adverb

Pola:

QW + Vaux1 + Subject + V…. + Vord + (by agent) + Adverb?

QW: Where, when, how often, etc.

Adverb: Dihapus

  • A novel is being written by her now.

Y/N Q: Is a novel being written by her now?

ADV?: When is a novel being written by her?

Mater lebih lengakpnya bisa kamu dapatkan dengan kursus di Global English, Kampung Inggris Pare Kediri. Selamat Belajar…